Classification of Types of Malls and Shopping Centers

A mall is a shopping center which consists of a shopping complex where there are buying and selling activities and the exchange of goods and services as well as a place for gathering and recreation. Meanwhile, there are several types of classification or grouping of malls and shopping centers as follows
Based on the type of goods sold

  1. Demand (request)
    Namely a shopping center that sells daily necessities which are also basic necessities. For example, a center for groceries, clothing, and food.
  2. Semi Demand (half request)
    Namely shopping centers that sell items for certain needs in everyday life. For example, a vehicle sales center, household electronic equipment.

3.Impulses (items of interest)
Namely shopping centers that sell luxury goods that move the hearts of consumers at a certain time to buy them. For example, a center for selling watches and jewelry.

  1. Drudgery
    Namely shopping centers that sell hygienic items such as soap, perfume, and others. Drudgery is a special type of store that usually has its own place in a shopping center.

Based on the Transaction System

  1. Wholesale Store
    A wholesale shop is a shop that sells goods on a large scale. These items are usually stored in warehouses or other places, while those in wholesale stores are just examples. Therefore, sales are carried out on a large scale, usually, storefronts in wholesale stores only require a relatively small space, while the largest part is a warehouse where inventory is stored. Another activity that is also an important activity in this shop is the packaging because the sales are carried out in large quantities at once, so packaging requires a relatively large separate space, which is often called the dropping space.
  2. Retail Stores
    Selling goods on a small scale or per item. Retail stores attract more buyers because of the high level of a variety of goods. In this kind of shop, the merchandise display area requires space with relatively large dimensions to accommodate a high variety of merchandise. Conversely, the warehouse may only need an area of ​​smaller dimensions.

Based on location

  1. Market (market)
    It is a group of simple shopping facilities located in a certain area in an area and is dominated by selling the primary needs of the community. The management of goods and services at this shopping center is carried out traditionally, namely by using a direct cash transaction system.
  2. Shopping street
    It is a shopping facility grouping consisting of rows of shops or open stalls on a road cut.
  3. Shopping precinct
    is an open shopping complex overlooking a free open space. This shopping usually grows near tourist objects and tourist areas.
  4. Shopping center
    It is a grouping of shopping facilities under one roof. predominantly selling secondary and tertiary needs.
  5. Department store
    Is a large retail trade container of various types of goods under one roof. Transactions are assisted by servants to help consumers.
  6. Supermarkets
    Is a shop that sells daily necessities by means of self-service
  7. Shopping mall
    It is a public plaza, public streets, or a collection of systems with turns and is specially designed for pedestrians. So, a mall can be called a road in a central business area that is separate from public traffic but has easy access to it, as a place to walk, sit, relax, and be equipped with decorative elements to complement the comfort of enjoying the atmosphere.