This method (enclosed space with stores connected, away from downtown, and accessible only by automobile) became a well-liked way to construct retail internationally. Gruen himself got here to abhor this impact of his new design; he decried the creation of huge “land wasting seas of parking” and the unfold of suburban sprawl.
The largest mall in North America in terms of GLA is West Edmonton Mall in Edmonton, Canada. The majority of British enclosed shopping centres, the equivalent of a U.S. mall, are situated in city centres, usually found in old and historic shopping districts and surrounded by subsidiary open air shopping streets. Large examples embody West Quay in Southampton; Manchester Arndale; Bullring Birmingham; Liverpool One; Trinity Leeds; Buchanan Galleries in Glasgow; and Eldon Square in Newcastle upon Tyne. These centres have been constructed in the 1980s and Nineteen Nineties, however planning rules prohibit the construction of any extra. … Read MoreRead More →